#include "sofa.h"
void iauAtoiq(const char *type,
double ob1, double ob2, iauASTROM *astrom,
double *ri, double *di)
/*
** - - - - - - - - -
** i a u A t o i q
** - - - - - - - - -
**
** Quick observed place to CIRS, given the star-independent astrometry
** parameters.
**
** Use of this function is appropriate when efficiency is important and
** where many star positions are all to be transformed for one date.
** The star-independent astrometry parameters can be obtained by
** calling iauApio[13] or iauApco[13].
**
** Status: support function.
**
** Given:
** type char[] type of coordinates: "R", "H" or "A" (Note 1)
** ob1 double observed Az, HA or RA (radians; Az is N=0,E=90)
** ob2 double observed ZD or Dec (radians)
** astrom iauASTROM* star-independent astrometry parameters:
** pmt double PM time interval (SSB, Julian years)
** eb double[3] SSB to observer (vector, au)
** eh double[3] Sun to observer (unit vector)
** em double distance from Sun to observer (au)
** v double[3] barycentric observer velocity (vector, c)
** bm1 double sqrt(1-|v|^2): reciprocal of Lorenz factor
** bpn double[3][3] bias-precession-nutation matrix
** along double longitude + s' (radians)
** xpl double polar motion xp wrt local meridian (radians)
** ypl double polar motion yp wrt local meridian (radians)
** sphi double sine of geodetic latitude
** cphi double cosine of geodetic latitude
** diurab double magnitude of diurnal aberration vector
** eral double "local" Earth rotation angle (radians)
** refa double refraction constant A (radians)
** refb double refraction constant B (radians)
**
** Returned:
** ri double* CIRS right ascension (CIO-based, radians)
** di double* CIRS declination (radians)
**
** Notes:
**
** 1) "Observed" Az,El means the position that would be seen by a
** perfect geodetically aligned theodolite. This is related to
** the observed HA,Dec via the standard rotation, using the geodetic
** latitude (corrected for polar motion), while the observed HA and
** RA are related simply through the Earth rotation angle and the
** site longitude. "Observed" RA,Dec or HA,Dec thus means the
** position that would be seen by a perfect equatorial with its
** polar axis aligned to the Earth's axis of rotation. By removing
** from the observed place the effects of atmospheric refraction and
** diurnal aberration, the CIRS RA,Dec is obtained.
**
** 2) Only the first character of the type argument is significant.
** "R" or "r" indicates that ob1 and ob2 are the observed right
** ascension and declination; "H" or "h" indicates that they are
** hour angle (west +ve) and declination; anything else ("A" or
** "a" is recommended) indicates that ob1 and ob2 are azimuth (north
** zero, east 90 deg) and zenith distance. (Zenith distance is used
** rather than altitude in order to reflect the fact that no
** allowance is made for depression of the horizon.)
**
** 3) The accuracy of the result is limited by the corrections for
** refraction, which use a simple A*tan(z) + B*tan^3(z) model.
** Providing the meteorological parameters are known accurately and
** there are no gross local effects, the predicted intermediate
** coordinates should be within 0.05 arcsec (optical) or 1 arcsec
** (radio) for a zenith distance of less than 70 degrees, better
** than 30 arcsec (optical or radio) at 85 degrees and better than
** 20 arcmin (optical) or 25 arcmin (radio) at the horizon.
**
** Without refraction, the complementary functions iauAtioq and
** iauAtoiq are self-consistent to better than 1 microarcsecond all
** over the celestial sphere. With refraction included, consistency
** falls off at high zenith distances, but is still better than
** 0.05 arcsec at 85 degrees.
**
** 4) It is advisable to take great care with units, as even unlikely
** values of the input parameters are accepted and processed in
** accordance with the models used.
**
** Called:
** iauS2c spherical coordinates to unit vector
** iauC2s p-vector to spherical
** iauAnp normalize angle into range 0 to 2pi
**
** This revision: 2020 December 7
**
** SOFA release 2021-05-12
**
** Copyright (C) 2021 IAU SOFA Board. See notes at end.
*/
{
/* Minimum sin(alt) for refraction purposes */
const double SELMIN = 0.05;
int c;
double c1, c2, sphi, cphi, ce, xaeo, yaeo, zaeo, v[3],
xmhdo, ymhdo, zmhdo, az, sz, zdo, refa, refb, tz, dref,
zdt, xaet, yaet, zaet, xmhda, ymhda, zmhda,
f, xhd, yhd, zhd, sx, cx, sy, cy, hma;
/* Coordinate type. */
c = (int) type[0];
/* Coordinates. */
c1 = ob1;
c2 = ob2;
/* Sin, cos of latitude. */
sphi = astrom->sphi;
cphi = astrom->cphi;
/* Standardize coordinate type. */
if ( c == 'r' || c == 'R' ) {
c = 'R';
} else if ( c == 'h' || c == 'H' ) {
c = 'H';
} else {
c = 'A';
}
/* If Az,ZD, convert to Cartesian (S=0,E=90). */
if ( c == 'A' ) {
ce = sin(c2);
xaeo = - cos(c1) * ce;
yaeo = sin(c1) * ce;
zaeo = cos(c2);
} else {
/* If RA,Dec, convert to HA,Dec. */
if ( c == 'R' ) c1 = astrom->eral - c1;
/* To Cartesian -HA,Dec. */
iauS2c ( -c1, c2, v );
xmhdo = v[0];
ymhdo = v[1];
zmhdo = v[2];
/* To Cartesian Az,El (S=0,E=90). */
xaeo = sphi*xmhdo - cphi*zmhdo;
yaeo = ymhdo;
zaeo = cphi*xmhdo + sphi*zmhdo;
}
/* Azimuth (S=0,E=90). */
az = ( xaeo != 0.0 || yaeo != 0.0 ) ? atan2(yaeo,xaeo) : 0.0;
/* Sine of observed ZD, and observed ZD. */
sz = sqrt ( xaeo*xaeo + yaeo*yaeo );
zdo = atan2 ( sz, zaeo );
/*
** Refraction
** ----------
*/
/* Fast algorithm using two constant model. */
refa = astrom->refa;
refb = astrom->refb;
tz = sz / ( zaeo > SELMIN ? zaeo : SELMIN );
dref = ( refa + refb*tz*tz ) * tz;
zdt = zdo + dref;
/* To Cartesian Az,ZD. */
ce = sin(zdt);
xaet = cos(az) * ce;
yaet = sin(az) * ce;
zaet = cos(zdt);
/* Cartesian Az,ZD to Cartesian -HA,Dec. */
xmhda = sphi*xaet + cphi*zaet;
ymhda = yaet;
zmhda = - cphi*xaet + sphi*zaet;
/* Diurnal aberration. */
f = ( 1.0 + astrom->diurab*ymhda );
xhd = f * xmhda;
yhd = f * ( ymhda - astrom->diurab );
zhd = f * zmhda;
/* Polar motion. */
sx = sin(astrom->xpl);
cx = cos(astrom->xpl);
sy = sin(astrom->ypl);
cy = cos(astrom->ypl);
v[0] = cx*xhd + sx*sy*yhd - sx*cy*zhd;
v[1] = cy*yhd + sy*zhd;
v[2] = sx*xhd - cx*sy*yhd + cx*cy*zhd;
/* To spherical -HA,Dec. */
iauC2s(v, &hma, di);
/* Right ascension. */
*ri = iauAnp(astrom->eral + hma);
/* Finished. */
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------
**
** Copyright (C) 2021
** Standards Of Fundamental Astronomy Board
** of the International Astronomical Union.
**
** =====================
** SOFA Software License
** =====================
**
** NOTICE TO USER:
**
** BY USING THIS SOFTWARE YOU ACCEPT THE FOLLOWING SIX TERMS AND
** CONDITIONS WHICH APPLY TO ITS USE.
**
** 1. The Software is owned by the IAU SOFA Board ("SOFA").
**
** 2. Permission is granted to anyone to use the SOFA software for any
** purpose, including commercial applications, free of charge and
** without payment of royalties, subject to the conditions and
** restrictions listed below.
**
** 3. You (the user) may copy and distribute SOFA source code to others,
** and use and adapt its code and algorithms in your own software,
** on a world-wide, royalty-free basis. That portion of your
** distribution that does not consist of intact and unchanged copies
** of SOFA source code files is a "derived work" that must comply
** with the following requirements:
**
** a) Your work shall be marked or carry a statement that it
** (i) uses routines and computations derived by you from
** software provided by SOFA under license to you; and
** (ii) does not itself constitute software provided by and/or
** endorsed by SOFA.
**
** b) The source code of your derived work must contain descriptions
** of how the derived work is based upon, contains and/or differs
** from the original SOFA software.
**
** c) The names of all routines in your derived work shall not
** include the prefix "iau" or "sofa" or trivial modifications
** thereof such as changes of case.
**
** d) The origin of the SOFA components of your derived work must
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**
** e) These requirements must be reproduced intact in any source
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**
** Note that, as originally distributed, the SOFA software is
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** and consequently third-party modifications are discouraged. All
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**
** 4. You shall not cause the SOFA software to be brought into
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**
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**
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*
** In any published work or commercial product which uses the SOFA
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**
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** follows:
**
** By email: sofa@ukho.gov.uk
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**
**--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
}